Whether you’re interested in off-road karting or racing, you would need to choose a mechanism that gives your kart better acceleration. Among them, the two main options you have are a go-kart torque converter and centrifugal clutch.
Both torque converter and clutch have specific functions that help transmit mechanical power from the go-kart’s engine to its rear axle. While torque converters help in changing gears, the clutch provides maximum acceleration. So, which one would be more suitable for your go-kart?
To help you find out, here’s a thorough go-kart torque converter vs. clutch comparison that will guide you on which one would suit your go-kart.
What Is a Go-Kart Torque Converter?
The torque converter is one of the go-to options for the power transmission mechanism for typical go-karts. This mechanism allows the go-kart to work on uneven terrains with ease as it has a variable gear ratio. With a torque converter, you will get low-end torque, so you can easily manage its gear according to the roughness of the land.
Torque converters consist of two pulleys; one being the driver pulley and the other being the driven pulley. The driver pulley is smaller and is connected with the crankshaft of the engine. In contrast, the driven pulley is bigger and is connected to the rear axle. A belt connects the two pulleys, through which mechanical power gets transmitted.
The mechanism of torque converters is designed to give you up to 80% of efficiency. Also, they allow low-end torque and give you unlimited gear variations. In addition, the gear variations are completely automatic, and you would not have to manually adjust them.
Features of a Go-Kart Torque Converter
Here are the main features of a go-kart torque converter:
- It has two pulleys; a driver and a driven pulley
- The mechanism involves a belt that connects both pulleys
- A torque converter allows a variable gear ratio
- It can remain disengaged while engine is idling
- Engages only when the engine reaches over 1500 RPM
- Maintains efficiency of 80%
- It provides low-end torque
How Does Torque Converter Work?
The torque converter works on the principle of Continuously Variable Transmission (CVT). Among these mechanisms, one pulley works as a clutch while the other is driven one. The clutch or the driver pulley operates with a centrifugal force from the engine.
But what makes it adjustable to various uneven lands is its driven pulley, which senses torque and allows variable gear ratio. Moreover, both pulleys consist of moveable sheaves that give you varying power ranges.
The engine crankshaft activates its clutch pulley with a centrifugal force. As the engine reaches higher Revolutions Per Minute (RPM), the moveable sheave helps the clutch pulley move inwards. The belt that connects both pulleys are connected with, will move around with a larger diameter in the clutch pulley. The diameter of the belt on both pulleys changes according to the torque.
When the engine is idling, the torque converter remains at rest. So, even if you leave your engine idle, the torque converter would be disengaged until it reaches a certain RPM. This RPM for most of the torque converters is 1500. This is when its belt engages with the driven pulley and eventually the jackshaft of the rear axle. That is how the mechanical power of the engine is transmitted to the rear axle.
Why Opt For a Go-Kart Torque Converter?
Here’s why you should be opting for a go-kart torque converter:
- It is best suited for the off-road go-kart to provide it with more flexibility for gear ratio.
- You will have an infinite range of gear variations.
- It’s easy to operate as it provides automatic gear variations.
- There is no need for clutching with a torque converter.
- It engages only when the engine reaches a certain rpm, so it saves the engine from wear.
What Is a Go-Kart Centrifugal Clutch?
A centrifugal clutch is another mechanism for the power transmission from the engine to the rear axle. It is the best option for racing go-karts as it provides you with a greater top speed. This mechanism does not allow any variation in gear and works at a fixed gear ratio. This means for the entire range of engine rpm, the clutch would have a one gear ratio.
Unlike the double pulley system of a torque converter, here you will find only one disc. It carries all the different components of the clutch that helps in power transmission. These components include an outer drum casing, frictional lining, arrestor spring, drive sprocket, and flyweights. The clutch is connected to the rear axle with the help of a roller chain and a sprocket.
In terms of efficiency, clutches work better than torque converters as they can be up to 100% efficient. Besides, clutches handle high torque which enables them to run faster. Also, there are various multi-disc go-kart clutches that even allow you to drive in conditions that demand more gear variation ratio.
Features of a Centrifugal Clutch
Here are the main features of a go-kart centrifugal converter:
- It consists of only one disc having a drive sprocket, outer drum, arrestor spring, and friction material.
- Clutches use the chain and sprocket mechanism to connect with the rear axle.
- It has a fixed gear ratio which helps in maintaining maximum speed.
- Remains engaged even at engine idling.
- Engages completely when the engine reaches over 1800 RPM.
- Provides high-end torque.
- It maintains efficiency of over 100%.
How Does It Work?
A clutch works like a torque converter’s driver pulley. It only has a single disc on which all of its components are present. It is located on the engine’s crankshaft and moves with the centrifugal force from the engine. This force is transmitted to the clutch via its flyweights, which are also known as clutch shoes.
It uses the arrestor spring to hold all its inside parts from contacting the outer drum. This is why the clutch only begins to engage after the engine reaches 1400-1600 rpm. It becomes completely operational at around 1800 rpm before that it continue slipping. You should be aware of slipping as it can heat the engines and cause damage.
Once the clutch shoes begin to rotate, they will get in contact with the outer drum’s driving sprocket, which will then transfer the power to the rear axle. As the clutch moves with the same speed as that of the engine, there is no wastage of energy. This also makes the clutch much faster than the torque converters.
The slipping can be one of the main issues for a centrifugal clutch. That’s why you should know how to control it effectively. Firstly, you should be using it on flat tracks at high speed. Ideally, it should be running over 2000 rpm. Secondly, never push the brakes along with the clutch simultaneously, it will result in exerting more stress on the engine. Lastly, always use a quality lubricant to oil the system to keep it intact.
Why Opt a Go-Kart Centrifugal Clutch?
Here’s why you should be needing a centrifugal clutch for your go-kart:
- Mainly used in racing go-karts to provide maximum top speed.
- Provides you with great engine efficiency.
- Works with high-end torque, hence it’s better to be used on go-karts running on flat tracks.
- Minimal power wastage with no torque loss.
- Can be installed easily.
- Its roller chain mechanism does not wear off as that of the belt on a torque converter.
Go-Kart Torque Converter vs Clutch: Pros & Cons
Both torque converter and centrifugal clutches can be workable options for your go-karts. But they work differently and have certain pros and cons. Here’s how they differ from one another:
The Pros and Cons of the Torque Converter
|The Pros||The cons|
|Offers a variable gear ratio that provides better kart movements.||It has lower efficiency.|
|Works best for off-road go-karting on the streets or elsewhere.||Slightly costlier than centrifugal clutches.|
|It requires a lower level of maintenance.||The belt can get damaged quickly because of heating up.|
|Karts with torque converters are easy to operate as they have automatic gear variations.|
|Allows versatile riding styles.|
|It protects the engine from wear as it engages at 1500 rpm.|
The Pros and Cons of the Centrifugal Clutch
|The Pros||The cons|
|Offers a fixed gear ratio that provides greater top speed.||It requires a higher level of maintenance which can cost you more.|
|Works best for racing go-karts on flat tracks.||Does not accommodate different riding styles.|
|It has a much higher efficiency than torque converters.||At lower rpm, there is a risk of slipping.|
|They are easy to install.||It easily gets overheated.|
|Allows better transmission of power.|
|Its roller chain mechanism does not wear off easily.|
Is a Torque Converter Better Than a Clutch?
The answer to this question essentially depends on the go-kart you have and where you drive it. However, for most people who are not using a racing go-kart, a torque converter would be a better choice.
There are various reasons for choosing a go-kart torque converter. Firstly, a torque converter can work as both, a clutch as well as a gear changer. Secondly, it can sense torque and automatically shift gears according to it. Besides, it is easier to drive a go-kart with a torque converter, which is great for a beginner.
In addition to that, the torque converter engages only when the engine reaches the mark of 1500 rpm. This protects the engine from wear. Moreover, in comparison to the clutches, the maintenance cost of torque converters is minimal. However, you would need to compromise a bit on its top speed.
On the other hand, clutches make good choices for people who drive a racing go-kart that demands greater top speed. Also, clutches would give you greater efficiency than torque converters. Nonetheless, the choice remains subjective to your personal preference for more gear variation or better kart speed.
Here are some of the frequently asked questions for go-kart torque converter vs clutch discussion:
Is a torque converter the same as a clutch?
Like a centrifugal clutch, a torque converter also transmits mechanical power to the rear axle, but it also allows you to change gears with ease. It works with the two pulleys, which help in the variable transmission of mechanical power automatically. Also, it remains disengaged at lower rpm.
What’s faster: centrifugal clutch or torque converter?
Since a torque converter offers more variations in gear ratio, it is not as fast as a centrifugal clutch. Centrifugal clutches have the ability to be engaged with the engine on a lower rpm and work with high-end torque, it provides better top speed and acceleration. That’s why they work best for lighter racing karts.
Does a torque converter make a go-kart faster?
A torque converter usually offers lower top speed than a clutch because of its ability to work at variable gears. It works best with off-road go-karts that you use to drive on uneven terrains. However, if you want greater top speed, then you should go for a clutch for your go-kart.
Does a torque converter replace a clutch?
If you want more variations in the transmission of mechanical power to your off-road go-karts, then you can replace its centrifugal clutch with a torque converter. It would allow you better torque even at lower RPM to drive your go-kart easily on rough lands.
For the transmission of mechanical power from your go-kart engine to the rear axle, you have two different options. The first one is the go-kart torque converter, which allows you infinite automatic gear variations for your kart. The second one is the centrifugal clutch that makes your karts faster by providing them with a greater top speed.
Though both these options are viable, they have their pros and cons. The choice would be subjective to your preference for either top speed or more gear variations. Nonetheless, the main distinction between them is that torque converters work best for off-road karts, whereas the clutch goes well with racing karts.